Education, Training and Extension

School education is a fundamental need, not only for the development of a human being, but also for modernizing the agrarian economy. Primary schools, free of charge, should be given top priority, but it is as important to transmit knowledge that ,will help increase the productivity and income. In order to achieve this, research and extension have to work together.

The governments should aspire to achieve primary education for the entire population by the year 2000. Thereby, the subject matter and the organization of the training should be adjusted to the conditions in rural regions, especially to the fluctuating labour requirements in agriculture. Schools should be equipped with plots of agricultural land so that agricultural skills and knowledge can be acquired. Moreover, possibilities of training in the fields of nutrition, agriculture, farm management, and cooperative matters shou-agricultural sector,in construction, and for repairing implements should be imparted, with particular attention paid to using local material.

The promotion of rural development demands the in-service training of
the personnel from the government institutions at the various levels,
particularly with regard to the special requirements of rural development
and the problems of the poor sections of the population. In the agrarian
sector, there is a great demand for intermediary level extension workers,
but people from the villages should also be trained and then sent back to
these villages. Successful agricultural development requires collaboration
between planners, rural educators, extension officers, and officials from
the rural organisations in order to coordinate their activities. In
particular, farmers should participate in planning research so that it
complies with their specific needs.