5. Training Requirements for the Implementation of Rural
The successful implementation of such a strategy for rural
development requires trained manpower at all levels. But it
seems that training is particularly required in three fields:
- In-service training for officers of the local administration,
from Superintendent to department officers, at county level.
This training should primarily cause a change in the officers`
attitude and understanding of their duty. They should consider
themselves not so much as government authorities, but as
teachers of the public and organizers of developmental activities.
In addition, training should include such subjects as planning
methods, budgeting, supervision of plan execution, etc.
- Pre- and in-service training of extension personnel in
agriculture. Here, a new institution or at least a thorough
revision off the Booker Washington Institute is necessary
to supply personnel of the necessary quality. Training should
be much more practical than at present. To obtain the necessary
results, an upward revision of payscales for extension appears
to be necessary.
- All developmental activities (local councils, cooperatives,
are.) require persons trained as secretary- managers. These
persons should have a basic understanding of government
organization and procedures, reporting, administration,
business management, book keeping, budgeting, etc. For the
time being, there are no facilities to train such personnel.
The planned Public Administration Training Institute does
not intend to offer such courses according to the present
projects. For all development activities, the establishment
of such training courses is of the utmost importance.