4.1. Explanation of the Rural Development Approach

Within the traditional sector, agriculture is more a way of life than a sector of the economy. Meaningful measures for the improvement of traditional agriculture, therefore, do not tackle agriculture as a production sector but try to improve the life of the people. Instead of speaking of agricultural development, it is more proper to speak of "Rural Development". Rural Development is an approach to increase the degree of participation of the rural population in the development process and to improve the level of living of the rural population Increase in agricultural production might be the means to reach this aim, ~bvt ie not the aim itself. Men and not farms are the centre of interest and the object of rural development.

In order to reach its goal, rural development tries to improve the situation
in rural areas from all possible angles. It includes measures to modernize
agricultural techniques, but also the creation of supply and marketing institutions and credit facilities. In order to make the best possible use of these facilities, it includes training and extension service. Transportation plays a role as stimulus of economic activity. Communication, health, community development and rural industries are important aspects. Last .but not least, a proper local administration to plan, coordinate, implement and supervise all measures is one of the most important aspects. Rural Development is a comprehensive integrated approach to the development o/ the rural areas and their inhabitants. Rural development has to be planned according to given natural, economic and sociological conditions. These tend to vary from area to area, and, therefore, detailed planning for rural development cannot be done at a national level. It has rather to be done on a regional basis, after careful surveys of the local conditions and possibilities. Rural Development should always incorporate a regional approach, even through the actual planning is tarried out by the central government.